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Special Purpose Acquisition Corporations (SPACs)

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Special Purpose Acquisition Corporation (SPAC) Overview

The last few months three Greek shipping companies "went public in the States" by using the Special Purpose Acquisition Corporation (SPAC) technique: NAVIOS/INTERNATIONAL SHIPPING ENTERPRISES (Angeliki Frangou), TRINITY PARTNERS ACQUISITION COMPANY/FREESEAS, INC. (Gourdomichalis Bros & Ion Vourexakis) and STAR MARITIME ACQUISITION CORPORATION (Akis Tsiringakis/Petros Pappas).

What is a Special Purpose Acquisition Corporation (SPAC) technique?

A SPAC is a publicly listed vehicle for acquisition of an operating business. The SPAC concept developed out of the SEC’s desire to curb the abuses of so called “blind pool” companies.
SPACs can be industry specific or general and typically have eighteen months to complete an acquisition. If not successful the remaining cash held in trust by the SPAC must be returned to investors at that time. For practical purposes 80% of investors must approve a target acquisition.
A SPAC must utilize a minimum of 80% of funds available to invest in a target acquisition. This eliminates the possibility of piecemeal investments e.g. individual vessels.
A SPAC is a fully reporting public company generally listed on the OTB BB. However, when an acquisition is made a listing application is filed for listing on AMEX, NASDAQ or the NYSE as appropriate.

The amount of time necessary to complete a SPAC transaction is typically 3-4 months from the time a Letter of Intent is signed. Having financials which are audited ideally by a “Big Four” firm under US GAAP accounting will accelerate the process. An approximate timeline is as follows:

Negotiate and sign Letter of Intent- 7 days

Negotiate and prepare merger agreement - 21 days

Due diligence and corporate organization- 14 days

Proxy statement/ registration statement- 28 days

Notice to shareholders, shareholders vote- 28 days

Prepare closing documents and close- 3 days

In comparison an IPO will take a minimum of five months and can take considerably longer to complete. Also, the issuer’s costs in an IPO are much higher running in the US$2 million range excluding investment banking fees. Corresponding costs for a SPAC are less than US$200.000. Of considerable importance, with an IPO the issuer doesn’t know how much will be raised until the deal gets priced at the end of the process. In an IPO, it is also possible, but rare, that market conditions can turn adverse and postpone or scuttle the entire process. With a SPAC the money is already raised and the valuation set at the outset of the transaction. Also it is very unlikely that the SPAC investors will vote against the acquisition if the SPAC Sponsor is recommending it.

Adventure Holdings/Trinity Acquisition Partners

Poseidon Capital located the SPAC and played a central role in developing their interest and setting the terms of the business combination with Adventure Holdings.

The SPAC is Trinity Partners Acquisition Inc. Ticker symbols: TPQCA, TPQCB, TPQCW, TPQCL. Trinity will have a minimum of US$7 million in cash at closing, plus warrants outstanding which can raise another US$18 million if the share price stays above a certain level for twenty days out of a thirty day period.

At closing Adventure Holdings will control approx 72% of the outstanding shares of the combined entity and after exercise of the warrants their ownership will be reduced to approx. 42%. In addition to the shares the principals of Adventure Holdings will own a total of 950.000 share options.

Adventure Holdings (renamed already FREESEAS, INC.) presently owns three early/mid eighties handy size bulk carriers.

The valuation metrics employed by SPACs are typically based on a multiple of EBITDA. Enterprise value which is equity value or market cap plus debt minus cash will likely be valued in the range of 4-5 X EBITDA. Forward multiples are more relevant especially in your case. This multiple is somewhat below where the public market has been valuing shipping equities. This is to make the acquisition attractive to investors and to develop momentum in the stock in order to get the warrants exercised.

In addition to the foregoing points we would briefly outline how we at American Ship Finance Partners expect to cooperate. First of all, through our U.S. partners we have ready access to a number of already established SPACs (each one of them having already raised capital from US$10 Million to US$40 Million plus warrants). We work with on a retainer plus success fee basis. Typically a retainer will be 4-6 months at at least US$10,000 to US$15,000 per month, with a success fee to be agreed upon based on a percentage of the amount of equity raised. We also work closely with a number of U.S. law firms who are experts of the securities practice there and also experts in this area. Those firms have been instrumental in our involvement in this area and we would expect that they would be retained by a prospective client.

Related Links:

International Shipping Enterprises, Inc. (0001305220)
Star Maritime Acquisition Corp. (0001328307)
Trinity Partners Acquistion CO Inc. (0001289632)

In order to obtain more info about the above-mentioned Companies and their statutory filings with the SEC you may visit the following:


which is the official site of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission and fill up the above Company names into its "Company Name" field. More information and a consultation may be provided after contacting marine@amershipfinancepartners.com.



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